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On this page, we present a table showing the largest and smallest countries on each continent. Also check out which countries have the highest and lowest population density and life expectancy.
Geographic extremes of continents
Continent Feature Countries Greatness
Africa Largest country in extension Sudan 2,505,813 km2
Smallest country in size Seychelles 455 km2
Country with the highest population density Mauritius 550 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Chad 0.5 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Meeting 79 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Sierra Leone 33 years
Central America Largest country in extension Nicaragua 130,000km2
Smallest country in size Grenade 344 km2
Country with the highest population density Barbados 697.6 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Belize 8.6 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Dominica 80 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Haiti 48 years
North America Largest country in extension Canada 9,970,610 km2
Smallest country in size Mexico 1,958,201 km2
Country with the highest population density Mexico 50.1 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Canada 3.2 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Canada 81 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Mexico 70 years
South America Largest country in extension Brazil 8,547,403.5 km2
Smallest country in size Suriname 163,265 km2
Country with the highest population density Colombia 35.9 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Suriname 2.5 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Chile and Uruguay 76 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Bolivia 59 years
Asia Largest country in extension Russia 12,704,097 km2
Smallest country in size Singapore 641 km2
Country with the highest population density Singapore 3,500 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Mongolia 1.5 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Japan 83 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Afghanistan 43 years
Europe Largest country in extension Russia 4,371,303 km2
Smallest country in size Vatican 0.44km2
Country with the highest population density Monaco 15,461 hab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Iceland 3 hab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy France and Switzerland 82 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Russia 58 years
Oceania Largest country in extension Australia 7,682,300 km2
Smallest country in size Nauru 21.3 km2
Country with the highest population density Marshall Islands 555.6 inhab./km2
Country with the lowest population density Australia 2.4 inhab./km2
Country with the highest life expectancy Australia 81 years
Country with the lowest life expectancy Nauru 50 years

Oceania

Formed by various groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean, Oceania is the smallest "continent" in area and the second smallest (after Antarctica) in population.

It has a total area of ​​8,480,355 km2. The name Oceania comes from Oceanus, the god of rivers. Although the islands of Oceania do not form a real continent, some associate Oceania with the continent of Australia or Australasia, with the purpose of dividing the planet into continental groupings.

Education in All ContinentsAustralia, a modern and first world country (occupies the top positions in the Human Development Index), is the main country on the continent, occupying almost 90% of it.

Africa

It is the third largest continent on Earth, just behind Asia and the Americas.

Together with the adjacent islands, it occupies about 30 million km2, covering 20.3% of the total land area of ​​the planet.

It is also the second most populous continent on Earth, just behind Asia. It has more than 800 million inhabitants in 54 countries, representing about one seventh of the world's population.

The African countries that have Portuguese as their official language are: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe.

Asia

It is the largest and most populous continent on Earth. It has about 49 million km2, occupying 8.6% of the planetary surface (almost 30% of the emerged lands).

In Asia, more than 60% of the world population is found. Located mainly in the eastern and northern hemispheres, Asia is usually defined as the portion of Eurafrásia (the Africa-Asia-Europe group) that lies east of the Red Sea, Suez Canal and Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus and Caspian and Black seas.

It is bathed on the east by the Pacific Ocean (South China Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea, Japan Sea, Okhotsk Sea and Bering Sea), on the south by the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea and Gulf of Bengal) ) and north by the Arctic Ocean.

Europe

With an area of ​​10,368,099 km2, Europe forms with Asia a set of continuous lands known as Eurasia. According to Countryaah, the European Union is a part of Europe continent located in western part of Europe.

The boundaries between Europe and Asia are not clear, but historical, ethnic and cultural factors give Europe a well-defined individuality.

The continental part is limited to the north by the Arctic Glacial Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian Sea, and to the east by the Ural Mountains and the Ural River. According to Greek mythology, Europa was a very beautiful woman who aroused the loves of Zeus, god-king of Olympus.


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