Following independence from the Soviet Union in the
1990s, Armenia has focused on rebuilding the education
system. This has mainly led to changes and greater focus on
emphasizing Armenian history and culture, as well as
changing the teaching language from Russian to Armenian.
Russian is still taught as a foreign language.
The country has a weak economy and almost a third of the
population lives in poverty. This characterizes the
education system with corruption and lack of budgets to
focus on improving the quality of education.
There is a free and compulsory elementary school in
Armenia, which is divided into 3-year primary and 6-year
secondary school and a 2-year secondary school. The
education system is public, but is increasingly privatized
due to lack of public funding. Corruption is a problem in
the education system and it is becoming increasingly costly
for parents to pay for children's schooling, which includes
extra costs for textbooks and equipment.
Illiteracy is intended for approx. 0.6 percent (2017) for
the adult population. More than 99 per cent of the
population are literate and literate. Among those 15 years
and younger, 6 percent are illiterate. Already in the 1960s
Armenia had almost 100% literacy. See TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA for TOEFL, ACT, SAT testing locations and high school codes in Armenia.
According to UNESCO, approx. 92 per cent of children in
primary school. The public elementary school in Armenia is
free and compulsory. Children start school when they are six
According to UNESCO, approx. 83 percent in high school.
Secondary school is two-year. In Armenia, more girls than
boys attend high school.
Higher education takes place at the country's 25 state
universities and higher education institutions and over 80
private universities and institutes. Over 50 per cent of
young people continue in higher education.
Bachelor's programs have a duration of four years.
Master's programs have a duration of two years. Doctoral
programs are three-year.
Since 2004, Armenian higher education institutions and
individual students have been involved in the European
Union's student mobility programs, such as the Erasmus