Studying in Asia: the study opportunities
The variety of study opportunities in Asia corresponds to the size of the
huge continent. There are many good reasons to study one or more semesters in
one of the countries in Asia.
For example, semester and language stays in China are very popular with
German students. These offer students a unique opportunity to familiarize
themselves with the cultural customs and language of the country. This is not
only interesting for sinologists and Asian scientists. According to
China is the largest country in Asia.
Mastering Mandarin is also an important additional
qualification for future managers, business and financial experts. The
universities are generally equipped with modern facilities. In the course of
increasing international interest, they now also offer English-language courses
and courses at an international level.
The universities of Japan and South Korea are also opening up more and more
to international students. Some already offer courses in English. In addition,
the governments are trying to cooperate with international universities. The
same applies to Southeast Asian countries such as
Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia or Singapore. Foreign universities have increasingly
established themselves there in recent years. This makes it possible to have
internationally recognized Bachelor 's, Master ' s and PhD degrees in a
dreamlike tropical environment- Acquire degrees. The largely low cost of living
also makes the region attractive to many international students.
For all who only want to study part of it in Asia, Asian universities offer
the opportunity to take part in a semester abroad or in
special study programs. These include summer sessions that take place at some
universities during the German semester break.
There is also, for example, an English semester program in India and Vietnam from
the Norwegian organization “Kulturstudier” and the Oslo University
College. In terms of content, topics such as Peace and Conflict Studies or Development
Studies are available.
In addition to teaching, many semester programs also include a range of
leisure activities. They offer the opportunity to immerse yourself in the flair
of Asia while gaining international study experience. Depending on the type of
program, the academic achievements in Asia can also be credited towards studying
Studying in the United Arab Emirates with its seven sheikdoms is
an entirely different experience of Asia. Life here takes place
somewhere between ultra-modern luxury cities and oases like from 1001
nights. The education system is experiencing immense investments and there are numerous
good universities. They are internationally oriented and also offer
English-language study programs. It is also possible to study here without
knowledge of Arabic.
The Hong Kong finance and trade metropolis of China's southern coast has been
a " special administrative region " in China since 1997. The return after 150
years as a British colony took place under the formula "one country, two
systems" so that Hong Kong could maintain its capitalist system, open society
and independent judiciary. Beijing has been cold-tempered about the demands of
Hong Kong citizens to introduce a democratic electoral system, and in the 2010s,
its hold on Hong Kong has tightened.
Geography and population
Hong Kong (Xianggang on pinyin) on China's south coast is an archipelago area
consisting of Hong Kong Island, about 230 islands, the Kowloon Peninsula and a
mainland area called New Territories, which occupies 97 percent of the land area
of over 1,000 square kilometers.
Hong Kong is heavily hilly with steep, snowy mountain terrain and up to 1,000
meters high peaks on the mainland. Less than a tenth of the land area is
cultivable. The climate is subtropical with rain and heat during the summer
months. In winter, the air is cool and dry.
In 2013, the densely populated Hong Kong had about 7 million inhabitants, 95
percent of whom were Chinese. Official languages are English and Chinese. Most
Hong Kong residents speak Cantonese, a dialect strongly deviating from the
Chinese. The most important religions are Buddhism, Daoism (Taoism) and
Christianity, but there are also Muslims and Hindus.
Hong Kong became a British crown colony in the 1840s. A hundred years later,
hundreds of thousands of people fled from the newly formed People's Republic of
China to Hong Kong. In the decades that followed, Hong Kong developed into a
trade and finance metropolis. In 1997, the British left Hong Kong to China.
As early as the 18th century, Europeans began to set up trading stations in
southern China, and in 1841 a British naval force occupied Hong Kong Island. The
following year, China formally departed the island, which became the British
crown colony and free port, and soon the Chinese must also give up the Kowloon
peninsula. Today's scope got Hong Kong in 1898, when the British leased the New
Territories for 99 years. Since the Communists took over China in 1949, over a
million refugees flocked to Hong Kong. At the same time, the colony embarked on
intensive, export-oriented industrialization. Clothes, watches, home electronics
and toys "Made in Hong Kong" are spread around the world.
Hong Kong-China relations have been characterized by mutual interests. The
area has long been a valuable opening for China to the outside world, while Hong
Kong depended on China for its supply of food and water. The colonial regime
therefore avoided quarrels with the mighty neighbor. After Beijing refused to
extend the lease agreement, the United Kingdom and China agreed in 1984 that the
colony should be returned in 1997 and become a "special administrative region"
(SAR) in the People's Republic. The formula "one country, two systems" gave Hong
Kong contractual right to retain its capitalism, its social order and all civil
liberties and rights for at least 50 years. Many were skeptical of these
promises, especially after China's brutal crackdown on Beijing's insurgency in
1989. In an effort to calm the turmoil, Britain began at the last moment and
against Beijing's determined will to expand the direct democracy that was most
limited during the colonial years. The number of elected seats in the local
parliament was increased, among other things.
After 13 years of tense countdown, Britain's flag over Hong Kong was hauled
overnight to July 1, 1997 and replaced by China's.
Hong Kong is an important trade and finance metropolis. Hong Kong has been
able to achieve this position with the help of a favorable situation, the
liberal economic rule of the British and the skill and effort of Chinese
residents. The economy is heavily dependent on trade with the outside world and
on the financial sector.
The importance of the manufacturing industry has diminished as many factories
have moved into the Chinese neighboring Guangdong province, where wages are
lower. The lung disease Sars in 2003 caused a temporary decline in the economy,
especially the tourism and transport sector. The global financial crisis of
2008-2009 also affected the open export-dependent economy. Domestic consumption,
however, has begun to play an important role for the economy as well as the
steadily increasing tourism, mainly from the mainland.
Hong Kong has one of the world's busiest ports and is an important gateway to
China's foreign trade. Hong Kong still trades separately. The exchange rate for
the region's currency, the Hong Kong Dollar, is linked to the US Dollar exchange