Bahrain has a free and compulsory schooling for students
between the ages of 6 and 15 since 2005. Boys and girls are
taught separately. The official language of instruction is
Arabic, but English has an important role in teaching. The
compulsory school is nine years, from the age of 6 to 15,
and the secondary school corresponding to upper secondary
education is three years. There are also private and
religious schools. See TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA for TOEFL, ACT, SAT testing locations and high school codes in Bahrain.
Bahrain University, established in 1986 following a
decree from the emir, had nearly 13,000 students in 2012.
Higher education is also offered at the College of Health
Sciences, founded in 1976, Arabian Gulf University, founded
in 1980, and Bahrain Polytechnic, founded in 2008. In
addition, there are a number of private higher education
institutions as well as branches of foreign universities.
In the last 20 years, the level of education in Bahrain
has increased significantly. In 1991, 40% of the population
over the age of 25 had no formal education; In 2010, the
corresponding figure was 7%. In 1980, Bahrain had 31.3%
illiteracy, today the proportion is about 5%. Among the
young people in the country, literacy is a total. In 2008,
about 12% of government expenditure went to the education