Based on the historical situation, there are still two
educational systems in Cameroon, one English and one French.
In the English-speaking system, the primary school lasts for
6 years, the secondary school for 5 years and the secondary
school for 2 years. In the francophone system, the primary
school lasts for 6 years, the secondary school for 4 years
and the secondary school for 3 years. According to UNESCO,
29.3% of people over the age of 15 were illiterate in 2007. See TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA for TOEFL, ACT, SAT testing locations and high school codes in Cameroon.
Children start school at the age of six, and in principle
primary school is free and compulsory. While almost all
children start in elementary school, only half continue in
secondary school. For many of the children, teaching is
their first encounter with English or French. Only small
attempts have been made with local, African languages as a
Higher education is offered at state universities and a
number of private colleges. About 12% of the population aged
19-23 received higher education in 2011.