School and education in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Officially, the compulsory 6-year primary school from the
children is 6 years. In 2000, it was only approx. 49% of the
children who attended primary school. The high school, which
is not compulsory, is also 6 years (4 + 2). In 2000, approx.
18% of the relevant high school age group. In the first
years of primary school, it is taught both in French, which
is the official language of the country, and in the national
aid languages Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba and Lingala.
French is the only permitted language of instruction in
recent years in primary and secondary school. There are 4
universities in the country, and just over 50 colleges, most
of them private. See TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA for TOEFL, ACT, SAT testing locations and high school codes in Congo.
In the 1950s until the country's independence, the school
system was among the best in Africa. Since then, it has
become increasingly weak, both in content and structure. In
2003, according to UNESCO calculations, approx. 35% of the
population are illiterate (25% of men, 45% of women).
Two years after the outbreak of the civil war that
brought Kabila to power, entire provinces of the great
country were subject to Uganda and Rwanda. In 2000, the
parliament was dissolved and the president appointed a
300-member government assembly instead.
In January 2001, Kabila was killed by two members of his
security guard and his son, Joseph Kabila, immediately took
over the presidential post. The neighboring countries
immediately after an emergency meeting where they decided to
jointly support Joseph Kabila.
Under UN surveillance, a partial withdrawal of troops was
carried out in May 2001. It gave humanitarian organizations
access to the areas of conflict that had previously been
closed off, and it was only now that the scale of the
disaster began to take shape. As a result of the war, a
large part of the population had been displaced to remote
areas where they had no access to food, medicine or housing.
Acc. estimates from the International Red Cross died about
5% of the country's population. Alone in the country's
eastern part was about 2½ million. died. Most of malaria,
diarrhea and violence - in this order.
All the warring parties had signed a ceasefire agreement
- except for Congo's Democracy Assembly - Liberation
Movement (RCD-ML). Still, it was expected that the warring
parties would reach a political agreement that could lead to
the formation of a transitional government and ultimately
elections, but in August, RCD-ML partisans took the city of
Lokandu, which was in the hands of the government.
In July 2002, Kabila and Rwanda President Paul Kagame
signed a peace agreement to end 4 years of civil war on
Congolese soil. The conflict was also called "Africa's World
War" and involved military from 6 countries, divided the
country into regions controlled by the government and rebel
forces respectively and led to over 2½ million. human death.
The agreement was concluded in Pretoria, South Africa and,
as a main feature, was Kabila's promise to disarm and
repatriate 12,000 Hutu Rwandan soldiers against Rwanda
withdrawing its 30,000 soldiers from the Congo.