The government has overall responsibility for education.
The elementary education, which is six years old, starts at
the age of six. Secondary school starts at the age of 12 and
comprises two stages, a first stage of four years and a
later of three years. In 2006, 38% (42% of boys and 34% of
girls) of children of primary school age were enrolled in
schools. However, only 35% complete primary school. About
68% (78% of men and 58% of women) of the adult population
are literate. In 2006, 22.4% of the state budget was
invested in education.
Djibouti has received bilateral loans from France, Saudi
Arabia and the EC (EU) to develop the education system.
Educational opportunities are relatively good in the
capital, while the rural population and especially the
nomadic population have difficulty accessing education. In
addition to state education, there are also mission schools.
In 2006, the country's first university was founded, in the
capital Djibouti. Previously, those who wanted to have a
college education applied abroad, mainly to France.