Studying in Europe: study opportunities
Study in Europe? Sure, of course! The continent is still at the top
of the priority list for German students. This is also due to the
relatively short distances. Almost all European countries now have cheap flight
or train connections. In contrast to studying overseas, the travel expenses
incurred to study in Europe are manageable. It is also possible to pay a visit
to your home country during the semester break.
The organizational effort for studying in Europe is low :
a visa is not required for German citizens in any country. In some countries, a
residence permit is only required if international students want to stay there
for longer than three months.
Due to the social security agreement within the EEA countries and
Switzerland, you will continue to receive the same benefits as legally
insured in the host country. Nevertheless, it can do no harm to find
out in advance whether it makes sense to take out additional foreign health
University landscape in Europe
Not only the organizational advantages, but also the European school
landscape itself speaks for choosing to study in Europe. Countries such as Great
Britain, the Netherlands or the Czech Republic have traditional
universities and Denmark, Sweden and Finland also have a multi- award-winning
education system. In other European countries, the level of study is
also high and the universities offer first-class study programs.
The study system has been converted
to Bachelor, Master and PhD degrees almost everywhere. This means that the
academic achievements achieved while studying in Europe can
generally be credited towards studying in Germany without any
problems. If you are not interested in a complete study in Europe, you can also
do a semester abroad in Europe.
In European countries, classes are usually held in the national language,
which contributes significantly to improving foreign language skills. In some
Eastern European countries, the universities also offer courses in German or
English. The study programs in Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia
are particularly popular with German medical students. Admission is not
dependent on the school leaving certificate, but takes place via an entrance
examination. In this way, waiting times of several years in
Germany can be avoided.
Costs and funding of studying in Europe
Studying in Europe is not possible for free. However, tuition fees in
most European countries are lower than on other continents. In
some countries like Denmark, studying at state universities is even free of
charge for EU citizens. According to
Abbreviationfinder, EU stands for European Union.
There are also many possibilities for financial support. The BAföG abroad is
particularly noteworthy. This supports students with up to EUR 4,600 in grants
for tuition and other grants for health insurance and travel expenses. In
contrast to studying in countries such as the USA, Australia or New Zealand,
students receive this state funding even for complete
Bachelor and Master courses.
A study or education loan could be an option for those who are not entitled
to a BAföG abroad and who are not eligible for a scholarship.
In modern times, European education systems have evolved primarily on the
basis of educational ideas that are based on the human vision of the
Enlightenment and the need for the qualification of the workforce. In addition,
the state government has tried everywhere to create loyal citizens through the
Today, all European countries give high priority to the education system on
both ideological and economic grounds. In the 1950s and 1960s, public spending
on education in both Eastern and Western Europe increased by more than 10% per
year, ie. with more than twice the growth in gross domestic product. Many
countries extended the period of compulsory education and the number of pupils
in Europe's primary schools increased by 30% over the same period.
School or teaching obligations have been introduced in all European
countries, although not fully implemented everywhere. As a rule, it covers an
8-10 year period, in the UK however 11 years.
Developments after World War II. This evolution in European
education can be characterized by the words expansion,
democratization and quality. The expansion coincided with economic
growth in the 1960s, while the demand for democratization was already raised in
the years immediately following World War II; Democratization, however, did not
really start until a few years later, economic growth created the conditions for
it. The link between economic growth, expansion and democratization of education
was the subject of much attention by politicians, administrators and researchers
throughout Europe in the 1970s. The reforms during that period were therefore
mainly structural reforms aimed at creating educational unity and coherence.
With the economic downturn and the consequent sharp rise in unemployment,
which began after the oil crisis in the mid-1970s, attention was paid to better
utilization of resources, which questioned the structure and content of
education systems, and demanded political control and quality control., not
least under the influence of the US report A Nation at Risk(1983). The
quality requirement, which in Europe was sought to be met through increasing
decentralization of education, for example as regards educational institutions'
competing activities, was further reinforced by the fact that, within the same
period, Europe increasingly saw itself involved in economic and technological
competition with Asia and the US. The reforms during that period were aimed more
at the content, norms and values of education than with the structure.
More education for more. The expansion of education has taken place
at all stages of the national education systems. The open and compulsory
compulsory school has, during the entire period, brought increased pressure on
the secondary steps, ie. ca. 11th-18th year. For women, the growth in the search
has even been greater than for men, although there is a big difference between
the types of education chosen by the students. women and men, especially in
In higher education, expansion has resulted in strong growth in the number of
universities and other higher education institutions as well as in new types of
institutions such as the so-called open universities. At the same time, the
demand for change and flexibility in the adult population throughout Europe has
increased the interest in adult education, cf. a term such as life-long
education, a concept originating in the English education situation in the
An important feature of post-war development is the establishment of
international cooperation on education under the auspices of UNESCO, the Council
of Europe and the OECD. In recent years, however, cooperation within the EU has
been of the greatest importance to the member states. Under the Treaty of Rome,
this cooperation initially only included vocational training, but it was later
expanded to include higher education. From the late 1970s a number of exchange
programs such as ERASMUS, COMENIUS, LINGUA were developed and TEMPUS. And with
Articles 126 and 127 of the Maastricht Treaty, so far, the most far-reaching
legal basis for increased cooperation in education has been provided, though
without any form of harmonization.