The school system in Ghana consists of a free and
compulsory first phase comprising nine years of primary
school. (A two-year preschool is considered part of the
undergraduate education, but is not compulsory.) A second
phase consists of post-secondary education, where students
are prepared for technical and economic study paths. Those
who complete the second phase can then move on to various
post-secondary education. Ghana has six state and about ten
private universities as well as a large number of other
institutions that provide specialized higher education. See TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA for TOEFL, ACT, SAT testing locations and high school codes in Ghana.
The proportion of girls in the primary school is as large
as the proportion of boys, while the boys are slightly more
in the secondary school. The reading and writing skills of
the adult population (over 15 years) were estimated in 2009
at a total of 67% (73% for men and 60% for women).