The school obligation covers 8 years in primary and
middle school from the age of 6 to 14. About 90% of 6-7 year
olds start school. The secondary school comprises 4 years.
After graduating from this, you can transfer to the
university, which was opened in 1966 and in 1988 had over
15,000 students, the majority of women. Many male students,
on the other hand, receive their education at Western
educational institutions. See TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA for TOEFL, ACT, SAT testing locations and high school codes in Kuwait.
All education is free for Kuwait's citizens, as are
educational materials, school meals, school uniforms and
transport to the school. For non-Kuwaiti, education is
partially subsidized. The combination of well-developed
school and adult education has meant that the majority of
the population is literate. One problem for educational
planning is that more than half of the population is
At the beginning of 2011, 106,000 stateless people - also
called Bidun - lived in Kuwait. In the run-up to the Arab
Spring, thousands of these went on the streets demanding
citizenship and social rights. After first rejecting the
claims, Kuwait's authorities next provided stateless
residents with access to education and health care.
Following widespread protests against Prime Minister
Nassar al-Sabah, in November 2011, it was removed and
replaced by Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah.
The February 2012 parliamentary elections were won by the
opposition, which got 34 of the 50 seats in parliament. The
largest group was Sunni Islamists who received 13 seats.
In June 2012, 26-year-old Hamad al-Naqi was sentenced to
10 years in prison for allegedly criticizing on Twitter the
kings of Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, as well as for "mocking
In 2012, the "Arab Spring" reached Kuwait - and was
suffocated at birth. Parliament demanded more democracy. The
king replied in October by dissolving this. Over 5,000
subsequently demonstrated with demands for democracy. The
demonstration was disbanded by the security forces and the
king subsequently banned the assembly of more than 20
people. During the year, 9 death sentences were handed down,
but none were enforced. Two Iranians and a Kuwaiti who had
been sentenced to death in 2011 for "espionage in favor of
Iran" were sentenced to life imprisonment by a court of
After the dissolution of parliament, the king held new
elections in December. The turnout was 43% the lowest in the
country's history. The opposition had already called for a
boycott. Already in June 2013, the Constitutional Court
dissolved the parliament and allowed the king to print new
elections. Despite a new boycott by the opposition, turnout
this time reached 52.5%. Parties are banned in Kuwait, so
parliamentarians enter into loose alliances. In any case,
the power lies in the land of the king and his government.
Freedom of expression was still severely limited. During
2013, 29 people were brought to trial for wording
"criticism" by the government on social media. They were
charged under Section 25 of the 1975 Kuwait Penal Code
providing up to 5 years in prison for "criticism of the emir
or his government officials".
In January, the emir transformed his government. Replaced
7 ministers, including the oil and finance ministers. At the
same time, the number of Islamist ministers increased from 2
In May 2014, the Emir signed a new censorship law
granting a new Internet authority extensive rights to grant
and revoke licenses for Web sites and to censor them.
In 2014, 33 people were deprived of their Kuwaiti
citizenship. Among other things. for criticism of the
government. Five people were sentenced to death during the
year, but no death sentence was enforced during the year.
Egypt's dictator Abdel Fattah al-Sisi visited Kuwait in
January 2015. Kuwait had already decided to give $ 4 billion
in advance. US $ in gift to Egypt. That prompted former MP
Saleh al-Mulla to tweet: "Your Royal Highness. It is a
mistake in the current circumstances to give more support to
a sister nation. We have provided enough and this money
belongs to the Kuwaiti people ”. In response, he was
arrested by the security police and charged with both
insulting al-Sisi and the king. After 8 days in prison,
al-Mulla was released on bail. Dozens of other kuwaiti were
jailed for expressing a different attitude than the emir.
Kuwait joined Saudi Arabia's attack war against Yemen.