A new school system was introduced in 1982. The
responsibility for the school is shared between the National
Ministry of Education and its regional counterpart in the
different states. Officially, there is a compulsory
schooling for 9 years from the age of six. Of the adult
population, 61% (50% of women and 72% of men) are estimated
to be literate (2009).
The foundation of the school system is a 6-year primary
school followed by a 6-year secondary school divided into
two three-year stages. Attempts are made to create a
national consciousness through the curricula. In addition to
the usual school system, there are special state education
programs for highly gifted pupils as well as for the nomadic
population in the northern regions. See TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA for TOEFL, ACT, SAT testing locations and high school codes in Nigeria.
The investments that the oil revenues admitted meant that
enrollment in both primary and secondary schools increased
explosively from the 1970s. However, the deterioration of
the economy during the 1980s and 1990s meant that the
quality of education had drastically decreased, and the
trend continued with a shortage of school premises and too
few and too poorly paid teachers. The dropout rate for
students is very large, especially in primary school; only
about 60% of children of current age attend primary school,
and of these, only 4/5 complete it (2007). Large differences
exist between the southern and northern parts of the
country. In the southern region, missionary influence has
led to a large proportion of young people attending school,
while schools in the Muslim north have significantly fewer
students. Well-ordered families have a growing number of
private schools to send their children to.
A disproportionate share of the resources goes to higher
education. Nigeria has over 100 universities and colleges,
whose teaching, however, is often of low quality.
President Yar'Adua died in May 2010 and his Vice
President, Goodluck Jonathan took over the presidential
post. Jonathan had already held the post in January/
February, while Yar'Adua was hospitalized in Saudi Arabia.
The shift was not without complications, as Nigeria has a
system where the presidential post goes on a shift between
Christians and Muslims. Jonathan is a Christian and took
over the post in the midst of the Muslim Yar'Adua tenure,
which raised the question of whether the Christians were
given ˝ period too much - or possibly. too little. This
political debate was put on hold after Jonathan took over
the post. In August, Jonathan presented an ambitious plan to
electrify the country.
In April 2011, presidential elections, won by Jonathan
with 58.9% of the vote. The election was not
uncontroversial, as the country's Muslims thought it was
their turn to hold the post as a Christian had held the post
during the previous period. At the same time, there were
reports of scams in the northern part of the country.
However, the controversy came under control after the result
was clear. Jonathan was elected and his Muslim vice
president Mohammed Namadi Sambo continued in the post.
Boko Haram rapidly expanded its activities during 2011.
Its activities cost approx. 425 life in northern Nigeria
during the year. It carried out dozens of attacks in
Maiduguri; shot down policemen, politicians, traditional
leaders and imams in opposition to Boko Haram. In August,
the organization carried out a suicide attack against the UN
building in Abuja, which cost 24 lives and over 100 wounded.
In November, it carried out bomb attacks in Damaturu in the
state of Yobe, costing over 100 lives.
Ethnic clashes and clashes between Christians and Muslims
continued through 2011. In the Plateau state alone, they
cost 350 people killed. In addition, hundreds in the
surrounding states came.
Security forces and military were responsible for
widespread torture and murder, and some point to the
radicalization of Boko Haram in connection with the
authorities' original violent behavior towards the
Decades of oil extraction in the Niger Delta have created
one of the world's largest environmental disasters. A UN
report from 2011 concluded that it will cost more than $ 1
billion. US $ to clean up after the oil companies. The
biggest culprit among these is Shell.
The president announced Jan. 1, 2012, that the state was
removing the subsidies for gasoline. It made the price say
100-140% and immediately sparked protests in Abuja, Lagos
and Kano. blocked gas stations. A week later, the country's
LO joined the protests by declaring a strike. Despite the
peaceful nature of the protests, 16 protesters were killed
by police. After two weeks of protests, the subsidies were
partially reintroduced so that the price increase «only»
became 50%. Although Nigeria is one of the world's largest
oil producers, the country had to import gasoline as its own
refineries had fallen into disrepair.
Floods in August-October 2012 cost more than 300 people
and killed more than 1 million people. people on the run.
The floods affected 15 of the country's states.
Summary executions remained a major problem. In March
2012, the chairman of the National Human Rights Organization
estimated that the police kill 2,500 people annually.
Torture and degrading treatment of prisoners is also very
widespread. In addition, the police often hold prisoners
hostage to release them for payment. A result of the huge
corruption in the country.