After the 1994 massacres, the central goal of education
in Rwanda has been to counter the ethnic contradictions in
the country and create an equal education system for all.
The elementary school is free and compulsory for 6 years
from the children is 7 years. 84% of children started
primary school in 2001, but only 22% completed primary
school. The school system is largely run by the mission and
the Catholic Church. In 2001, according to UNESCO, approx.
32% of the adult population is illiterate. The Université
nationale du Rwanda (UNR) was established in Butare in 1963.
topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE
as well high schools in the country of Rwanda.
Former Prime Minister of the Hutu Government, Jean Kambanda,
decided to plead guilty and cooperate with the international
court, which he provided information about his former
colleagues in the Hutu government. Instead of the
death penalty, Kambanda was sentenced to life
Rwanda President Pasteur Bizimungu stated to the press:
"We do not bore the Europeans, but we must not forget, after
all, that it is precisely those who are responsible for the
chaos that exists in the region." Bizimungu hereby joined
the critics and the condemnations made by human rights
organizations against France, Belgium and the United States
for being responsible for the genocide by their actions and
The clashes between government forces and the Hutu
militia of Interahamwe in the country's northwest corner
continue through 1998, leaving hundreds of dead.
In October 1999, Prime Minister Pierre Celestin Rwigema -
one of the few hutus in the government - was accused of
diverting hundreds of thousands of dollars of international
aid to his own projects, such as building schools in his
The country's authorities were "offended" by the
international court's release of one of the main genocide
suspects in 1994. In November 99, the government therefore
refused to issue visas to Carla del Ponte - the main
prosecutor. Only in December was Del Ponte allowed to enter
the country. That same month, the UN officially apologized
to Rwanda for its inability to prevent genocide.
The charges against Prime Minister Rwigema created an
impossible situation in February 2000. Both the press and
the rest of the public accused him of fraud with public
funds and for having allowed the disposal of hazardous waste
on the outskirts of Kigali. In March, he was replaced by
Barnard Makuza - a hutu from the same party as Rwigema. That
same month, President Bizimungu resigned. The reason was
that he had failed to get any of his supporters into the new
government. With 81 out of 86 votes, in April Parliament
elected Paul Kagame as new president.
A United Nations report published in March 2000 accused
Rwanda, Burkina Faso and Togo of supporting Angolan
guerrilla UNITA. At the same time, Belgium was accused of a
lack of interest in controlling the trade in diamonds
illegally exported there from Angola. The Rwandan government
disagreed with the report's charges and threatened to bring
an action against the World Organization.
In a 2000 report, the UN placed responsibility on Kagame
for the 1994 attack against Habyarimana, which triggered the
In 2001, Democratic People's Republic of Congo President
Kabila was killed while troops from Rwanda controlled most
of the country. Kagame went ifbm. the signing of a peace
agreement meant that in 2002 Rwanda's troops would be
withdrawn from the Congo, against the disarmament of the
In August 2003, a referendum was held in which 95.5%
voted for Kagame's continuation as president. In October,
the first multi-party elections were held, giving a solid
majority to the ruling Patriotic Front. Election observers
from the EU criticized a number of irregularities during the
elections. In Rwanda, the mass media continues to belong to
the state, and a number of parties were banned by Kagame.