Bahrain has a free and compulsory schooling for students between the ages of 6 and 15 since 2005. Boys and girls are taught separately. The official language of instruction is Arabic, but English has an important role in teaching. The compulsory school is nine years, from the age of 6 to 15, and the secondary school corresponding to upper secondary education is three years. There are also private and religious schools.
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Bahrain University, established in 1986 following a decree from the emir, had nearly 13,000 students in 2012. Higher education is also offered at the College of Health Sciences, founded in 1976, Arabian Gulf University, founded in 1980, and Bahrain Polytechnic, founded in 2008. In addition, there are a number of private higher education institutions as well as branches of foreign universities.
Bahrain flag source: Countryaah.com
In the last 20 years, the level of education in Bahrain has increased significantly. In 1991, 40% of the population over the age of 25 had no formal education; In 2010, the corresponding figure was 7%. In 1980, Bahrain had 31.3% illiteracy, today the proportion is about 5%. Among the young people in the country, literacy is a total. In 2008, about 12% of government expenditure went to the education sector.