School and Education in Bhutan


Until 1960, the monastic schools were the only educational institutions in Bhutan. After this year a number of primary schools have been built, but in 1989 only about 20% of the children attended school. The education is free of charge, but compulsory schooling is not available. About 40% of the adult population is estimated to be literate and literate (women 28%). In recent years, some upper secondary schools have been added, as have some higher schools for engineers, teachers, economists and healthcare professionals.

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Country data

Area: 38,394 km2 (world rank: 133)

Residents: 808,000

Population density: 21 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 161)

Capital: Thimphu

Official languages: Dzongkha

Gross domestic product: 2.5 billion US $; Real growth: 6.8%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 2720 ​​US$

Currency: 1 Ngultrum (NU) = 100 Chhetrum

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Head of State: Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, Head of Government: Tshering Tobgay, Exterior: Damcho Dorji

National Day: 17.12. (King Ugyen Wangchuck ascends to the throne 1907)

Administrative structure
20 districts

State and form of government
Constitution of 2008
Constitutional monarchy
State religion: Buddhism
Parliament: National assembly with 47 members (only 2 parties are allowed to send delegates); National Council with 25 non-party members (20 elected, 5 appointed by the king); Choice each every 5 J.
Voting age 18 years

Population: Bhutanese, last census in 2005. 634,982 residents
about 60% Bhutija, 20% lhotshampa (Nepalese) and others

Cities (with population): (2005) 79,185 residents Thimphu, Phuentsholing 20,537. Gelephu 9199, Wangdue 6714, Samdrup Jongkhar 5952

Religions: 75% Buddhists, 22% Hindus; Minorities of Muslims, Christians and followers of indigenous religions (status: 2006)

Languages: Dzongkha; other Tibetan-Myanmar languages ​​(Bumthangkha, Sarchopkha etc.); Indo-Aryan languages ​​(especially Nepalese)

Employed by economic sector: Agriculture. 56%, industry 10%, business 34% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
no information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.4%

Foreign trade: Import: 1.0 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 0.6 billion (2017)

Bhutan Country Flag

Bhutan flag source: