Brazil Agricultural Production in the Quinqumnio from 1921-1922 to 1925-1926

The table summarizing the average annual data during the agricultural five-year period from 1921-22 to 1925-26 shows what is the contribution of the individual states in the overall total annual production of the most abundant and most widespread agricultural crops, such as corn, sugar, mandioc flour, rice and beans. It shows that tobacco and cotton are supplied by almost all states, while there is no coffee production in the large northern area which includes the four contiguous states of Amazonas, Pará, Maranhão, and Piauhy. Then comes the products limited to less than half the number of states of the confederacy, such as batatinha, which is almost entirely lacking in the northern states, the coconut or “Bahia coconut”, widespread in the coastal area from the state of Ceará to that of Espirito Santo, and the rubber collected as well as in the Amazonian states, in the Matto Grosso, and produced to a considerable extent in Bahia, and to a significant extent in the two states of Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte.

According to simplyyellowpages, corn has, in S. Paolo and Rio Grande do Sul, an average annual production of about 1350 and 1230 thousand tons; while it does not reach 4 thousand tons in Amazonas. At the head of the sugar production are Minas Geraes with 142 thousand and S. Paolo with 112 thousand tons; to that of mandioca flour production are Bahia with 97,000, Ceará with 82,000, Pernambuco with 73,000 and Rio Grande do Sul with 70,000, while in Pará the production fluctuates between 5 and 29 thousand tons.

Coffee reaches more than 530,000 tons. in S. Paolo, almost 200,000 in Minas Geraes, 54,000 in Rio de Janeiro, 41,000 in Espirito Santo and 27,000 in Bahia, while production is minimal in the north-eastern states and nothing in the Amazon. Rice approaches 300,000 tons. in S. Paolo, reaches 146,000 tons. in Rio Grande do Sul and 132,000 in Minas Geraes: but in Maranhão the average production does not reach 10 thousand tons.

The production of beans exceeds the figure of 174,000 tons. in S. Paolo and 117,000 in Rio Grande do Sul, varying in Rio Grande do Norte between 750 and 8300 tons. The Batatinha reached in Rio Grande do Sul 137,000 tons, swinging in Goyaz, between 168 and 40,000.

Wheat rises to 130,000 in Rio Grande do Sul, where there is an oscillation between 77 and 155,000 tons; the mate at 98,000 in Rio Grande do Sul, where production fluctuates between 44 and 141,000, while the almost constant production of Paraná is 66,000 tons. Cotton exceeds 27,000 tons. in S. Paolo and reaches only 283 tons. in Rio de Janeiro, but promising and continuous development presents this crop in the northeastern states. The coconut is approaching 22,000 in Bahia and over 20,000 in Parahyba as well; tobacco approaches 27,000 tons. in Bahia, at 13,000 in Rio Grande do Sul and over 8700 in Minas Geraes, but fluctuates between 300 and 2200 in Sergipe, between 218 and 1300 in Pernamhuco.

Almost all cocoa is supplied by Bahia, since in front of the 55.000 tons. produced there, the 2,500 offered by Pará are very small. Maranhão and Piauhy are at the head of the production of babassú coconut (with 35 and 20 thousand tons), while the 8900 tons. of the Amazonas rubber slightly exceeds the production of Pará.

The contribution of agriculture to the national economy, in the strict sense of the denomination (regardless of the industrial transformation of products and the harvesting of maté and rubber), currently represents an annual value ranging between 6 and 7 million contos. Coffee comes first since it supplies over 25% of the total value of agricultural production; on the contrary, in 1927-28 the part due to coffee reached 38% of the production itself.

In the agricultural year 1927-28, when the total figure of 8,800,000 tons was exceeded, representing a value of about 7 and a half million contos (paper), the products in descending order of weight were graded as follows: corn (a little less than 3700 thousand tons), mandioca flour and coffee (both a little less than 950 thousand), rice (less than 900), sugar (more than 650), beans (more than 550); on the other hand, as regards the value, the graduation was: coffee (more than 2800 thousand contos), corn (just under 1050), rice (625), sugar (525), beans (500), mandioca flour (475).

Brazil Agricultural Production