CLEVELAND – HOSPITABLE CULTURAL METROPOLIS ON LAKE ERIE
According to listofusnewspapers, the former industrial city of Cleveland is nestled in picturesque parkland and in close proximity to Lake Erie, and over the years has become a popular travel destination for all those who want to combine the down-to-earth attitude of the Midwest with the convenience of a metropolis.
The hospitable cultural metropolis has something to offer for every taste.
Numbers, dates, facts about Cleveland
- State: Ohio
- County: Cuyahoga County
- Population: 383,793 (2018 estimate) / 2,077,240 (metropolitan region, as of 2010)
- Area: 213.47 square kilometers (of which 200.93 km2 mainland)
- Population density: 1,920.1 residents per square kilometer
- Founding year: 1796
- Altitude difference: 199 meters
- Time zone: Eastern (UTC -5 / -4)
- Postcodes: 44101 – 44199
- Area code: +1 216
- Boroughs: 36
- Mayor: Frank G. Jackson
Busy metropolis in the American Midwest
Cleveland is the second largest city in the state of Ohio after Columbus and is located in County Cuyahoga in the northeast of the state at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River on the south bank of Lake Erie. This means that the city is in northeast Ohio. 22.5 kilometers of the urban area extend along the lake shore and up to 14.5 kilometers inland. Cuyahoga County evenly surrounds the city on all three sides. Together with four of the five adjacent counties, this forms the Metropolitan Statistical Area, better known as Greater Cleveland. The surrounding suburbs are mostly residential communities. The largest is Parma, followed by Lakewood, Euclid, and Cleveland Heights.
Temperate, cold climate with a lot of precipitation
It is said that sunbathers have a tough time in Cleveland. The city on Lake Erie has a temperate, cold climate with an annual average temperature of just 9.9 degrees Celsius. In addition, there is a lot of precipitation over the course of the year, including in summer. The average amount is 932 mm. In winter, the so-called Lake Effect Snow, which is accompanied by heavy snowfalls, occurs especially with a westerly wind direction. In winter it can come to temperatures below -15 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature ever measured was -28.8 degrees Celsius.
Most precipitation is expected in June, with least in February. The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 22.4 degrees Celsius. The best time to travel is therefore the summer months of July and August, as these weeks have the most pleasant temperatures in Cleveland. Then the temperature in Cleveland can rise to well over thirty degrees. In spring, because of Lake Erie as a temperature store, it takes longer for the air to warm up, but for the same reason it stays warm longer in autumn than elsewhere.
The only city in Ohio with a predominantly black population
The population of the city in northeast Ohio is relatively young with an average age of 35.8 years and 50.4 percent is made up of people of African American origin. This makes Cleveland the only major city in Ohio that is home to a predominantly black population. And by far. In the state itself the average is only 11.5 percent and only 12.3 percent in the industrial metropolises in the north of the USA. The African Americans living in Cleveland form the largest black community in the entire state of Ohio.
The white population is the second largest group with 39.8 percent, the rest of the population is predominantly made up of people with Alaskan roots, Native American origins, Asians, Hawaiians and Hispanics. The proportion of women and men is balanced, with 51.1 percent, slightly more male than female residents live in the city. Cleveland is one of the poorest cities in the US, the poverty rate has been around thirty percent for the past ten years.
Roman Catholic is the predominant religion in the city. But there are also smaller Jewish and Muslim communities. The Church of Christ has been headquartered in Cleveland since 1957.
The Democrats dominate Cleveland
Ohio has long been considered the swing state in the presidential election. It was all the more surprising that the incumbent President Donald Trump was able to take the state for himself in the 2016 elections.
In Cleveland itself, the Democrats tend to dominate. Most of the seats on the city council are occupied by Democrats and the current mayor, Frank G. Jackson, is a Democrat. This can be explained, among other things, by the fact that the trade unions in Cleveland have great influence due to the strong industrialization in the city. These are traditionally associated with the Democrats.
Numerous well-known companies are based in Cleveland
Cleveland is part of the Rust Belt and the former Manufacturing Belt and can therefore look back on a long economic history. Because this was the first industrial area in the USA whose former centers are now suffering from the decline in heavy industry. This also includes Cleveland, which has lost a lot of its importance as a production location. What remained are the Ford engine plant, the steel company Mittal Steel and larger plants of General Motors and Lincoln Electric.
Today medical institutions are of the greatest economic importance, followed by banks, insurance companies and the public service. Tourism is also becoming more and more important economically. Cleveland is also an important location for industrial research.
The gross national product in Cleveland in 2017 was 138.98 billion US dollars.
A well-developed infrastructure connects Cleveland with the world
Cleveland has several interstate connections. Other highways and Ohio State Routes bring visitors to the city from A to B without any problems and some of them have been developed as expressways. There is a bus connection to neighboring cities via the Greyhound Lines.
The cultural metropolis also has an international airport, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, which United Airlines uses as a hub. With around eleven million air travelers per year, it is the state’s most important airport. A smaller airport is located in the city center and is for general aviation only.
Of particular importance is the Port of Cleveland. It is located directly at the mouth of the Cuyahoga in Lake Erie. He is responsible for shipping the goods produced in Cleveland.
The railroad plays a rather subordinate role in Cleveland. However, there is an Amtrak stop on the lakefront. A rapid transit line and two light rail lines serve local public transport.
Cleveland – home to famous sports teams
Cleveland is home to three well-known sports teams that play in the top leagues in their field. Home games are always an unforgettable experience and an excellent opportunity to experience the unique atmosphere in a typical American stadium. However, the places for the top games in particular are quickly booked up. If you do not want to leave anything to chance, you should therefore try to get tickets as soon as possible.
Baseball: The Cleveland Indians
The Cleveland Indians are a baseball team founded in 1901 that plays major league baseball. The team nicknamed “The Tribe” is a two-time winner of the World Series. Since the well-known club emblem with the Indian repeatedly caused controversy, it will no longer be used from 2019. Home of the Cleveland Indians is Progressive Field, which holds 43,345 visitors and is located in the middle of the city.
American Football: The Cleveland Browns
The Cleveland Browns play in the National Football League (NFL) and were founded in 1946. Her most famous fan is probably the “King of Rock” Elvis Presley, who was friends with Gene Hickerson and Bobby Franklin, both players on the team during Presley’s lifetime. Former baseball star Hank Aaron is also a Browns fan. The Cleveland Browns’ venue is FirstEnergy Stadium, which opened in 1999 and has more than 67,000 seats.
Basketball: The Cleveland Cavaliers
The Cleveland Cavaliers play in the North American professional basketball league, the NBA. One of the most famous former players on the team is the American basketball player LeBron James. The team is home to the Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse, a multi-purpose arena that also serves as a venue for the Cleveland Monsters (ice hockey) and the Cleveland Gladiators (arena football). The Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse holds over 20,000 people.