School and Education in Democratic Republic of the Congo

School and education in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Officially, the compulsory 6-year primary school from the children is 6 years. In 2000, it was only approx. 49% of the children who attended primary school. The high school, which is not compulsory, is also 6 years (4 + 2). In 2000, approx. 18% of the relevant high school age group. In the first years of primary school, it is taught both in French, which is the official language of the country, and in the national aid languages ​​Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba and Lingala. French is the only permitted language of instruction in recent years in primary and secondary school. There are 4 universities in the country, and just over 50 colleges, most of them private.

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Land area 2,344,858 km²
Total population 101.780.263
Population density (per km²) 43.4
Capital Kinshasa
Official language French
Income per capita 800 USD
Currency Congo Franc
ISO 3166 code CD
Internet TLD .CD
License plate ZRE
Telephone code +243
Time zone UTC East + 2 West + 1
Geographic coordinates 0 00 N, 25 00 O

In the 1950s until the country’s independence, the school system was among the best in Africa. Since then, it has become increasingly weak, both in content and structure. In 2003, according to UNESCO calculations, approx. 35% of the population are illiterate (25% of men, 45% of women).

Two years after the outbreak of the civil war that brought Kabila to power, entire provinces of the great country were subject to Uganda and Rwanda. In 2000, the parliament was dissolved and the president appointed a 300-member government assembly instead.

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In January 2001, Kabila was killed by two members of his security guard and his son, Joseph Kabila, immediately took over the presidential post. The neighboring countries immediately after an emergency meeting where they decided to jointly support Joseph Kabila.

Under UN surveillance, a partial withdrawal of troops was carried out in May 2001. It gave humanitarian organizations access to the areas of conflict that had previously been closed off, and it was only now that the scale of the disaster began to take shape. As a result of the war, a large part of the population had been displaced to remote areas where they had no access to food, medicine or housing. Acc. estimates from the International Red Cross died about 5% of the country’s population. Alone in the country’s eastern part was about 2½ million. died. Most of malaria, diarrhea and violence – in this order.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Country Flag

Democratic Republic of the Congo flag source:

All the warring parties had signed a ceasefire agreement – except for Congo’s Democracy Assembly – Liberation Movement (RCD-ML). Still, it was expected that the warring parties would reach a political agreement that could lead to the formation of a transitional government and ultimately elections, but in August, RCD-ML partisans took the city of Lokandu, which was in the hands of the government.

In July 2002, Kabila and Rwanda President Paul Kagame signed a peace agreement to end 4 years of civil war on Congolese soil. The conflict was also called “Africa’s World War” and involved military from 6 countries, divided the country into regions controlled by the government and rebel forces respectively and led to over 2½ million. human death. The agreement was concluded in Pretoria, South Africa and, as a main feature, was Kabila’s promise to disarm and repatriate 12,000 Hutu Rwandan soldiers against Rwanda withdrawing its 30,000 soldiers from the Congo.