School and Education in Eritrea


About 59% of the population (70% of men and 48% of women) in Eritrea are literate. The education is organized in a five-year elementary school, a two-year high school and a four-year high school. The first seven school years are officially mandatory, but the cost of uniforms, schoolbooks, etc. means that many cannot afford to let the children go to school. In 2006, only about 47% of children (43% of girls and 50% of boys) started elementary school, and about 43% completed it. As a result of the war, there is a shortage of schoolhouses, teachers and teaching materials. Basic tuition in each home language is provided as well as tuition in the two national languages ‚Äč‚ÄčTigrinya and Arabic. From high school English is the most important language of instruction, and in high school as well as at the university, all education takes place in English.

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Higher education is conducted at the University of Asmera, which offers medical studies and some further education, as well as at a technical college and various vocational colleges. In 2006, 2.4% of GDP was used for education.

Eritrea Country Flag

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