In Ivory Coast, the education follows a 6-4-3 system, where the primary school lasts for 6 years, the secondary school for 4 years and the secondary school for 3 years. According to UNESCO, in 2011, 43% of people over the age of 15 were illiterate.
In 2011, 88% of children started school, but only 58% complete primary school. Although all public school education is covered by public authorities, many poor parents strive to cover the cost of uniforms, schoolbooks and other schooling expenses. In addition, many parents, especially in the countryside, are expected to help children in household and farm work, which will entail an additional burden for many poor families sending children to school. In practice, more boys than girls start school. In addition, a greater proportion of the boys than the girls complete primary school education.
Ivory Coast has 5 public educational institutions at the university level (2016), of which the largest university is Abidjan’s Université Felix Houphouët-Boigny (known as Université de Cocody until 2012). The second university in Abidjan is Université Nangui Abrogoua (known as Université d’Abobo-Adjamé until the reopening in 2012) with the main focus on natural sciences. In the capital Yamoussoukro is the Institute National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny Technical College. In the city of Bouaké further north is the Université Alassane Ouattara (formerly the Université de Bouaké). Farthest north, in town Korhogo is located Université Peleforo Gon Coulibaly which was established in 2012 from a former college.
There are about 20 private colleges and universities including the Institut Supérieur de Techonologie de Côte d’Ivoire and Université Catholique de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, both located in Abidjan. In addition, over a hundred private so-called grandes écoles. About. 7% of young people take higher education. In 2013, the total number of students in tertiary educational institutions was 169,351, of which approx. 40% were female. French is the language of instruction, while English is taught as one of several foreign languages.
Ivory Coast flag source: Countryaah.com
The climate is created by the wind systems of the north-east trade winds and the south-west monsoons: The north-east trade winds (harmattan) bring hot, dry, dust-laden air from the Sahara in winter and dries up the land. The origin of the West African monsoons is in the Gulf of Guinea, accordingly it brings warm, humid air. It determines the climate of the south of the Ivory Coast all year round, in the north it brings summer rain.
The coasts of the Ivory Coast therefore have an ever-humid tropical climate that turns into a dry climate in the far north.
The mean annual temperature is 28 ° C, but the residents know significant temperature differences between the northern and southern regions of their country and between the individual seasons.