School and education in Jamaica, 98% of children attend the 6-year elementary school. 62% of these schools (all-age schools) offer 9-year schooling. The secondary school is 3 years old, the secondary school 2 years old. Higher education is offered in a number of different types of schools.
The difference between the Creole spoken language and the official English language has been a barrier in the educational context. In order to improve the teaching, great emphasis has been placed on the content of the teaching being adapted to local conditions.
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About. 14% of the youth go on to higher education at two universities and a number of colleges. The University of the West Indies, Mona has a department in Kingston with five faculties in addition to a campus in Montego Bay. The university was founded in 1948 and gained the status of a full-fledged university in 1962. Approx. 13% of the adult population is considered illiterate (2000).
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Kingston Town in Jamaica
Kingston, Jamaica’s capital; 937,700 residents (2011). The city is located on the south coast of the island protected by the island of Palisadoes with airport. Much was devastated by an earthquake in 1907, and the rebuilt city stands as a fairly modern trading, industrial and port city with exports of bauxite and alumina, bananas, coffee and sugar. The IBA (International Bauxite Association) is headquartered in Kingston, which also houses the country’s 1962 university, the University of the West Indies.
Jamaica flag source: Countryaah.com
Kingston was founded in 1692, and with its large natural harbor, it quickly became the island’s most commercially and economically important city. It thus surpassed the then capital of the colony, Spanish Town, but it was not until 1872 that Kingston became the administrative center of the island.
A large part of the city’s population lives in the slum, which covers more than 1/3 of the urban area and extending from landfills at port to all available areas. They are the result of many years of great migrations from country to city, not least of young people. Unemployment is high and large parts of the city are characterized by poverty, violence and crime.
In the face of a worsening situation for the city’s many poor people, Kingston has been affected by clashes between protesters and law enforcement since the late 1990’s.