School and Education in Kenya

Education has been a focus area since the liberation of the country. Large investments have been made for the country’s children and young people under the motto harambee, i.e. to jointly load. Until 1984, the educational system was very similar to the British one. The educational reform this year was intended to establish an education that is more relevant to the people of the country with greater emphasis on vocational education.

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The elementary school is 8 years old, free and compulsory from the children is 6 years. The high school is 4 years old. In 2000/01, approx. 69% of children of relevant age in primary school, and 23% in high school. There are major regional differences in the supply, and the dropout rate is large. There are 5 state and several private universities. UNESCO calculates the proportion of adult illiterates at approx. 17% (2000) of the population.

Kenya Country Flag

Kenya flag source: Countryaah.com

Land area 580,367 km²
Total population 53,527,936
Population density (per km²) 92.2
Capital Nairobi
Official language English
Income per capita 3,500 USD
Currency Kenyan Shilling (Shiling)
ISO 3166 code KE
Internet TLD .ke
License plate EAK
Telephone code +254
Time zone UTC + 3
Geographic coordinates 1 00 N, 38 00 O

Resistance and rebellion

The opposition to colonial rule and the occupation of Kenya’s lands is as old as the colonial rule itself. After the resistance to the conquest was wiped out with weapons, new movements emerged in the 1920s. Particular attention was paid to the lack of land, forced labor and the ban on coffee cultivation. In 1944, the Kenya African Union (KAU) was established in defense of the Kikuyu’s interests. Under the leadership of Nationalist leader Jomo Kenyatta, it conducted strikes, peasant marches and mass demonstrations. After 1945, conditions were further tightened. A radicalized trade union movement carried out several strikes, and the deterioration in the countryside provided the basis for the great revolt – called “Mau Mau”. The revolt turned into Western mass mediamanufactured as “a bloody tribal war with barbaric terror.” Some historians have – after Kenya gained independence – seen it as a nationalist struggle for self-government. However, it is more natural to perceive the property and working conditions in agriculture as the immediate cause.

In the reserves, the situation was characterized by the lack of land, ecological deterioration and social degradation. Population increased as food production declined. Some Africans also settled, controlling land and local positions of power through alliance with the colonial authorities. The European farmers were focusing on mechanization and economies of scale, and tens of thousands of Africans on labor and domestic contracts were terminated or their conditions severely worsened.

At the same time, there was a rebel mood among militant groups within the Nairobi proletariat, and this triggered a rebellion, which was, however, poorly prepared and organized. Despite heroic guerrilla fighting in the woods, the revolt was crushed by the British military apparatus – with the support of African “loyalists”. The official loss figures show the nature of a social settlement between landless Kikuyu and wealthier collaborators: A total of about 12,000 rebels, 2,000 African “loyalists” and approx. 100 Europeans (32 civilians) were killed. More than 75,000 Africans were interned in concentration camps. These figures are in stark contrast to the flow of reports of African “terror” flowing to Europe, supplemented by horror stories from settlers. In the Cold War, not much alternative information was available, and there was no solidarity movement with those who fought against colonialism. (See also Decolonization).