According to allpubliclibraries, Nashville is the capital of the State of Tennessee, in the United States of America. It is located on the banks of the Cumberland River, in the county of Davidson. It is often known as “Music City USA”, (City of Music and / or as the capital of Country Music Westem) since Nashville has an important record industry. But for a long time it has been called the “Athens of the South”, due to its educational institutions and its neoclassical architecture. The city of Nashville had a population of 619,626 residents, (according to the United States Census Bureau in 2007), making it the second largest city in Tennessee (behind Memphis). The population of the 13 surrounding counties, which make up what is known as the Nashville Metropolitan Area, is 1,521,437 residents, making it the most populous metropolitan area in the state.Nashville is one of the main centers of attention of health, music, book publishing and publishing, banking and the Transportation Industry.
The earliest known settlements in the Nashville area were by Mississippi Native Americans who are believed to have lived here from 1000 to 1400, until they mysteriously disappeared. They were followed by other Native American cultures hunting in the area. The French established a fur trading post around the area of present-day Nashville and traded with the Native Americans, but this trading post was short-lived. The first permanent settlement was established in 1779, when a group of pioneers cleared the banks of the Cumberland and named it Fort Nashborough. The community began to grow steadily and in 1784 the name of the city was changed to Nashville.
In 1796, Tennessee became the 16th state in the union, although it was not until 1843that Nashville was chosen as the state capital. Construction began on the Tennessee State Capitol Building, which was modeled after a Greek temple and took ten years to complete. Nashville began to prosper, but the city was devastated during the Civil War. Tennessee was the last state to join the Confederacy and during the war, the city of Nashville was occupied by federal troops for three years. The Battle of Nashville in 1864saw the defeat of the Confederate troops who withdrew to the Tennessee River.
The city quickly began to recover after the war and again experienced considerable growth in its economy and population, and the first roots of country music were created, which has become, today, synonymous with Nashville. In 1900 the population had exceeded 80,000 residents. In the early 20th century, Maxwell House coffee was born inadvertently, as a result of President Roosevelt’s comments. While at the Maxwell House hotel in Nashville, Roosevelt commented on how delicious the coffee served at the hotel was and the owner quickly sold the blend to General Food, quickly becoming one of the biggest brands.
Nashville played an important role in America’s civil rights movement in the 1960s, with a number of protests that, in some way, helped end racial segregation. Large numbers of Nashville civil rights fighters were involved in the establishment of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, one of the most influential organizations of the day. One of the largest urban tornadoes on record occurred in Nashville in 1998, causing extensive damage and shattered glass that led to the closure of the business district for four days. Today Nashville is a modern city, the second largest in Tennessee, with an ambitious future development plan for the city.
Latitude is 36 ° 07 ‘N.
Longitude is 86 ° 41 ‘W.
Located in the Central Time Zone.
Nashville’s climate follows a humid subtropical pattern, with hot, humid summers and relatively mild winters. The temperatures in summer generally hover around the maximum of 24ºC with some punctual days warmer, although the added factor of humidity can make these days unpleasant on some occasions. Spring is perhaps the best time to visit Nashville, with extremely pleasant weather and greenery at its most attractive, with cherry blossoms, azaleas, dogwoods and camellias throughout the region. Vegetation in autumn it is also particularly beautiful in this area. The downside at this time of year is perhaps the occasional harsh storms. Winters in Nashville tend to be relatively mild, with periods of cooler temperatures and rainfall. Snow in Nashville is usually limited to January and February and the minimum in winter is usually around 10ºC.
In 2008 Tennessee’s population was estimated at 6,214,888 people. The racial makeup of the state is as follows:
2.2% Hispanic Americans
0.3% American Indians
1.1% Mixed races
The majority of Tennesseans are of American origin (17.5%), African American (16.4%), Irish (9.3%), English (9.1%) and German (8.3%). 6.6% of the population is under 5 years old, 24.6% is under 18 years old, and 12.4% is over 65 years old. Women represent 51.3% of the population.
From the sixties Nashville became the second center of music production later New York to the United States. In 2006 its total economic impact is estimated to be $ 6.4 billion each year and the music industry employs around 19,000 people in the region. But it is the healthcare sector that is the most important, before tourism and music. Nashville is home to more than 250 companies, of which the Hospital Society off America, the largest private operator of hospitals in the world. This industry is considered in 2006 to provide 18.3 billion a year and give 94,000 jobs to the region. The other major industries are insurance, finance, and publishing (mostly religious). A small, but growing film production is there too – several major movies were shot in Nashville, including The Green Line, The Last Castle, Gummo, Coal Miner ‘ s Daughter and Robert Altman’s film Nashville, the action set in the city. Three Fortune 500 companies have their registered offices in Nashville: Hospital Society Off America, Caremark Radiography, and Dollar General Society (at Goodlettsville).
The Nashville Predators hockeyeurs evolve into the National Hockey League after 1998 while American football is represented in Nashville by an NFL franchise after 1997: the Tennessee Titans. At the college level, the Vanderbilt Commodores represent Vanderbilt University while the Tennessee State Tigers defend the colors of Tennessee State University.
Country music is the lifeblood of Nashville, the land of many stages where the genre’s greats have played for years and, in some cases, continue to do so. Some of the musical attractions are the Grand Old Opry, the Ryman Auditorium, and the Country Music Hall of Fame. Long before music was famous, Tennessee was already building a long history, which can be seen at the Capitol Building and the State Museum.