The abbreviation of Kazakhstan is the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK). The Republic of Kazakhstan was founded in 1991 as a sovereign state with an elected President and a bicameral Parliament. The executive branch consists of a President and a cabinet appointed by the President. The legal system in Kazakhstan is based on civil law and its constitution provides for basic human rights such as freedom of speech and assembly. The economy of Kazakhstan is the largest in Central Asia with an estimated GDP of over $160 billion. It has a diversified, upper-middle-income economy that is heavily reliant on oil, gas and mineral resources. The country’s main industries include mining, oil processing, engineering, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food processing and tourism. Despite its economic success, poverty levels remain high with around 16% of people living below the poverty line in 2020. The culture in Kazakhstan is unique with influences from both nomadic steppe traditions as well as Russian culture. Kazakh people are known for their hospitality towards visitors from around the world and their cuisine consists mainly of wheat dishes accompanied by meat dishes. Traditional music such as kui continues to be popular throughout the country along with sports including boxing, wrestling and ice hockey. See a2zdirectory for Kazakhstan Old History. Kazakhstan has many major newspapers, the most widely circulated being Kazinform. Founded in 1992, Kazinform has become one of the most popular newspapers in Kazakhstan and has a circulation of around 250,000 copies per day. It covers national and international news, politics, business, culture, sports, entertainment and lifestyle topics. It also has an extensive online presence which offers readers access to content from all its print editions as well as exclusive online content. The Kazakhstanskaya Pravda is another major daily newspaper in Kazakhstan which dates back to 1950 and has a circulation of approximately 30,000 copies per day. It mainly focuses on national news coverage with some international news as well. The Kazakhstanskaya Pravda covers politics, business, entertainment, sports, lifestyle topics and more. It also publishes a weekly magazine edition on Saturdays with longer features about current affairs and culture. The Respublika is another popular newspaper in Kazakhstan which was first published back in 1990 making it one of the newest newspapers still published today. It has a circulation of around 10 000 copies per issue making it one of the most popular papers in Kazakhstan covering economic trends along with all aspects of the financial world from stocks to banking to taxes and more. Finally there are two major regional papers in Kazakhstan – Zhas Alash based in Almaty which has been published since 1993 and Express K based in Karaganda which was first established back in 2006 making it one of the newest newspapers still published today. Both papers provide local news coverage to their respective regions along with some international news as well as an extensive online presence. Check simplyyellowpages for other media in the country of Kazakhstan.