Yoga and Diabetes Type 2

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that enough or occurs when the pancreas does not produce insulin (the hormone that regulates sugar in the blood) the body cannot effectively use the insulin produced. According to who (World Health Organization) in the world there are more than 347 million people with diabetes. There are different types of diabetes, but in this case we will focus on type 2 diabetes.

What is type 2 diabetes?

Diabetes type 2 or non-insulin dependent occupies 90% of global cases, of which only 10% are normal weight. Until recently, it was only observed in adults, but it is currently also is manifest in children (by the increase of childhood obesity). This type of diabetes is practically asymptomatic in the early stages and this makes 20% of people who suffer from it to complications at the time of diagnosis.

It usually appears in people over the age of 40 or less than 40 years with:

  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • A family history of this disease
  • Gestational diabetes (pregnancy) or children with more than 4 Kg at birth
  • High blood pressure and vascular disease
  • Cholesterol or high triglycerides
  • A history of alterations of glucose in blood

Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes

Through the identification of glucose in fasting (no caloric intake for at least 8 hours) with values higher than 126 mg/dl in blood. Or through a curve of glucose (determination of glucose in blood serial for 2 hours, in doubtful cases) after taking an equivalent to 75 g of glucose with values greater than 200 mg/dl after 120 minutes.

Complications and treatment

The most serious complications could be: increased risk of heart attacks and thrombosis, poor blood circulation with the consequent loss of sensation in the legs and feet and lesions in the eye and kidney disease.

The treatment is based on three basic pillars:

  • Balanced diet
  • Regular physical exercise
  • Personalized pharmacotherapy

Scientific evidence

Article to yoga intervention for type 2 diabetes risk reduction: a pilot randomized controlled trial Kelly a. McDermott, Mohan Raghavendra Rao, Raghuram Nagarathna, Elizabeth J. Murphy, Adam Burke, Ramarao Hongasandra Nagendra, Frederick M. Hecht, talks about a randomized study with two groups of people with diabetes in which one included yoga as exercise and the results you can see improvement in the reduction of weight , the circumference of the waist, the index of body mass (BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol and triglycerides.

Conclusion

While in the studies reviewed the time factor is something limiting, in the short term you can see beneficial effects for this type of pathology in the practice of yoga. Therefore if we add the effects of this exercise with the benefits in type 2 diabetes no doubt will be a great team to achieve improvements in the levels and have a more active life.

Related article
What is Diabetes: http://businesscarriers.com/what-is-diabetes/

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